This book offers a snapshot of cutting-edge applications of digital phenotyping and mobile sensing for studying human behavior and planning innovative e-healthcare interventions. The respective chapters, written by authoritative researchers, cover both theoretical perspectives and good scientific and professional practices related to the use and development of these technologies. They share novel insights into established applications of mobile sensing, such as predicting personality or mental and behavioral health on the basis of smartphone usage patterns, and highlight emerging trends, such as the use of machine learning, big data and deep learning approaches, and the combination of mobile sensing with AI and expert systems. Important issues relating to privacy and ethics are analyzed, together with selected case studies. This thoroughly revised and extended second edition provides researchers and professionals with extensive information on the latest developments in the field of digital phenotyping and mobile sensing. It gives a special emphasis to trends in diagnostics systems and AI applications, suggesting important future directions for research in public health and social sciences.